#OER16 Open Culture

This years OER conference: #OER16 Open Culture was held in Edinburgh, which was great for the Interactive content team. Now in its 7th year the 2 day conference was a very full and diverse one with people attending from all over the world. There were keynote speakers, presentations, lightning talks, Wikipedia sessions and posters. Many of the presentations were live streamed and can be found on the ALT (Association for Learning Technology) YouTube channel.

What do we mean by open?
There were lots of thought provoking topics. From letting students choose how they learn to letting them use their own tools. From research into the effectiveness of OERs, who has heard of OERs, to what are OERs? Different areas of openness, open to whom and how. The area of copyright, creative commons licensing and ownership to archives and collections.

Day 1
Catherine Cronin, University of Galway, “If ‘open’ is the answer, what is the question?” the first keynote speech on day 1.

I am just covering the topics I attended on the day but there were other sessions in parallel to this. My first session was titled ‘Converging or diverging cultures of openness’:

  • Awareness of OER and OEP in Scotland: Survey Findings from the OEPS Project: this covered the findings of the survey which covered higher and further education. Some of the interesting things from this research is the need for staff development and sharing practices.
  • Veethika Mishra a student from India presented: GameEd Archive: OER for tabletop games: for such a large industry she emphasised that the educational value of table top games is underestimated and underutilised.
  • Mosomelt: Mobile Social Media Learning Technologies, NZ
  • Connecting Resources and Users – requirements for a federated cross-sectorial infrastructure for OER: feasibility study based in Germany around repositories, distribution and the needs of different educational sectors.
Doing OER: Stuart Nicol
Doing OER: Stuart Nicol

In the afternoon I attended the ‘Converging or diverging cultures of openness’ again which covered more aspects of OERs:

  • Finding the open in the in-between: changing culture and space in higher education: In-between: Third space, Third place, Liminality. Reuse, Revise, Remix, Redistribute, Retain.
  • Open Educational Resources and Tools for the Digital Student: collaboration between 2 universities one in Romania and the other the US, the students work together and share resources, using open educational tools and social media such as ThingLink, Google hangout, Voicethread and SoundCloud.
  • Doing OER: Developing an institutional OER policy and how that policy might influence practice. Open.ed Stuart Nicol
  • Converging Cultures of Open in Language Resources Development: Mining and data driven learning, linguistic data, FLAX project domain-specific language collections.
  • How to set up an Open Online CPD course: 12 Apps of Christmas. We should try this!

There were 2 keynote speakers following the sessions on day 1: Emma Smith, University of Oxford, “Free Willy: Shakespeare and OER” followed by John Scally, National Library of Scotland, “Postcards from the Open Road” to finish the presentations of the day.

Day 2
Day 2 started with an excellent keynote from Edupunk Jim Groom, Reclaim Hosting “Can we imagine tech Infrastructure as an Open Educational Resource? Or, Clouds, Containers, and APIs, Oh My!”.

My first session was called ‘Innovative approaches to opening up cultural heritage collections for education’:

  • Bastille, a pop group or a French Fort? How the Research and Education Space (RES) is using linked open data to open up cultural heritage collections so they can be used in education: a project funded by Jisc, the British Universities Film & Video Council (BUFVC) and the BBC
  • Learning Effectiveness and Perceived Value of Wikipedia as a Primary Course Resource: research based at the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya which compared sets of students using Wikipedia
  • Open education: “Runnin’ with the Devil”: are we critical in our thinking and writing? Paper citation, semantometrics and citation metrics

‘Hacking, making and sharing’

  • Students Success The Toolbox, realistic temptations Dublin
  • Open education on Wikipedia’s sister projects: Wikipedia is well known but there are a number of other equally interesting open projects such as Wikisource, Wikibooks where students can create their own textbooks
  • An Open Ed Tech Collective: looked at a WordPress framework SPLOT, NS Cloner for WordPress, Sandstorm
  • Building a Database of People in Edinburgh Throughout the Early 20th Century: student project, setting up a searchable database using old telephone directories

‘Strategic and reputational advantages of openness’

  • Reflecting back on the diverse innovations and impacts prompted by an OER project: OERhub Bridge to success, Badged open courses, no time constraint, no support
  • Reframing ‘open’ in the context of the Digital University: different levels of open, fuzziness, Third space thinking, ‘The Great Good Place’, Lead Scotland
  • Modern slavery Stolen Lives a project aimed to promote awareness of modern slavery
  • Need for a Culture of Sharing – A case study of Mauritian Educators: in certain schools there is a ‘culture of private tuition and fierce competition which inhibit open collaborative efforts’

Open with care: Melissa Highton
Open with care: Melissa Highton
The day and conference finished with the final keynote “Open with care” from our own Melissa Highton.

Jackie

SDEO Show and Tell

Thursday afternoon I attended the SDEO (Scottish Dental Education Online) show and tell session at Edinburgh Dental Institute. The SDEO is a group made up of the four Scottish dental schools, Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow and funded by NES (NHS Education Scotland) and has been going since 2009.

Aberdeen
Aberdeen were first to present and Doug Bean began with introducing the SDEO website which was built and implemented by Aberdeen. The site uses Shibboleth login for authentication to access the learning resources. The resources can be accessed in 2 ways, through the ‘Learning Resources’ tab and the ‘Resources for Teachers’ tab.

Doug_Aberdeen

The Learning Resources has 9 subject areas including Anatomy & Physiology and Dental Materials. Within these drop-down subject areas there are various topics. These topics are the courses, each one compiled by experts in those areas from the 4 dental schools. the ‘Resources for Teachers’ holds all the media contained in each of the topics which lecturers can use in their own teaching.

Aberdeen went on to discuss which topics they had been and are currently working on. One of these is ‘Writing Referral Letters’ which feedback can be added, designed for peer review. They also showed a Tooth Preparation topic to which the student can upload their own photographs and critically analyse their own procedures, for example comparing one they did 2 weeks earlier with a current procedure. Another topic Aberdeen have been creating is on Smile analysis and the Golden Ratio.

Dundee
Dundee previously focused on biology but Andrew Mason now mentioned they were moving towards more clinical practice topics. They aim to make their learning resources as interactive as possible including staff and students in content development. They have created a 3D skull from CT scans and data which includes individual bones and teeth. They have topics such as Jaw Reflexes and Electromyography and their upcoming topics will include Facial Fractures. Dundee are currently working on the Temporomandibular Joint and use of an Articulator. They have also been trialling with iBooks and have created a rotatable 3D tooth and quizzes.

Edinburgh
Although Edinburgh are no longer funded by the project they are still included as part of the group. Their last resources were created around 2011 and are all based on restorative dentistry. Oonagh Lawrie showed us topics which include The Gingival Margin, Making a Good Alginate Impression, Matrices and Rubber Dam these are all supported by a large number of photographs and detailed video of the procedures. Edinburgh did a trial on their resources to see if the they improved their students making of casts. Half the students were shown Making a Good Alginate Impression before they made their casts and the other half were not. The group of students who had looked at the resource beforehand were significantly better than those who hadn’t.

Glasgow
Ziad Al-Ani from Glasgow talked about the resources they have created, including Tooth Morphology, Radiographic Techniques, Safe Use of Handpieces and Management of Sharp Injury to name but a few and mentioned where all their resources were being used in their teaching. Their resources are made up of lectures, photographs, video and voice-overs. They have also created a 2D version of Tooth Morphology designed for use on tablets and have received good feedback from students.

DDS
DDS (Digital Design Studio) Glasgow were also demonstrating their 3D Head and Neck also funded by NES. The head and neck are fully interactive with muscle veins and bone which can be removed and added, as well as rotated. They also had an expert assist with building the parts of the inner ear, and also have detailed eyes for potential uses in Ophthalmology.